h2. *Course objectives*

The overall objectives of each course are to ensure participants:

• are conversant with assessment objectives;
• have a basic understanding of radionuclide transfer, dosimetry and radiation effects;
• know how to use available tools;
• can interpret the results;
• understand the implications of how the tools are used.

|| Dates || Venue || Course details || Places available ||
| 27th-28th April 2010 | CEH Lancaster, UK | Presentational materials \\
Practical exercises \\
Feedback from participants | n/a |
| 24th-26th November 2010 | CEH Lancaster, UK | Timetable (05/10/2010) \\
[Travel details|CEH Lancaster] \\
Accomodation | Course full |
| 2011 | To be confirmed | n/a | Yes |
| 2012 | To be confirmed | n/a | Yes |

(i) If you are interested in attending a course please email [Cath Barnett|mailto:clb@ceh.ac.uk]

(i) Useful reading

h2. *Directions*

*By road:* Leave the M6 at junction 33, take the A6 north towards Lancaster. Continue for 1.75 miles, turn right at the second set of traffic lights into the University (after Galgate village). At the roundabout take the last exit. CEH is located on Library Avenue (1st left), however, if you want to park on campus you will need to use the pay & display area on Farrer Avenue (2nd left). [Campus map|http://www.lancs.ac.uk/travel/images/campus.pdf]

*By rail:* Lancaster railway station is on the main West Coast London\- Scotland route, about three-and-a-half hours from London (see [timetable|http://www.nationalrail.co.uk/]). Take a taxi to the University from the station.

Link to [Multimap|http://uk2.multimap.com/map/browse.cgi?client=public&X=350000&Y=450000&width=500&height=300&gride=348200&gridn=460000&srec=0&coordsys=gb&db=pc&addr1=&addr2=&addr3=&pc=LA14AP&advanced=&local=&localinfosel=&kw=&inmap=&table=&ovtype=&zm=1&scale=200000]

*By air:* There is a direct rail link from the Manchester International Airport (Terminal 2) to Lancaster Station (see [timetable|http://www.nationalrail.co.uk/]). Journey time is between one and a half and two hours. Alternatively if required we can arrange an airport taxi for you (email [Aimee Walmsley|mailto:aimlms@ceh.ac.uk]).

A number of the cheaper airlines operate from Liverpool John Lennon Airport. However, there is no direct rail link to Lancaster.

*CEH Lancaster*
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology,
Lancaster Environmnent Centre,
Library Ave.,
Bailrigg, Lancaster.

Tel: \+44 (0)1524 595800
Fax: \+44 (0)1524 61536

{card:label=Reading list}

{color:#0000ff}{*}We suggest that course participants become familiar with the following documents prior to the course{*}{color}{color:#0000ff}:{color}

*D-ERICA:* An integrated approach to the assessment and management of environmental risks from ionising radiation. Description of purpose, methodology and application. [Full text|http://wiki.ceh.ac.uk/download/attachments/115017395/D-Erica.pdf?version=1]
*ERICA Tool help* [Full text|Training courses - schedule and details^ERICA Tool help file.pdf]
*PROTECT executive summary* [Full text|Training courses - schedule and details^PROTECT_Executive_Summary.pdf]
*ICRP* (International Commission on Radiological Protection). 2008. Environmental Protection: the concept and use of Reference Animals and Plants. [ICRP Publication 108|http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=PublicationURL&_tockey=%23TOC%234965%232008%23999619995%231486103%23FLA%23&_cdi=4965&_pubType=J&_auth=y&_acct=C000047859&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=911834&md5=3359547cfac7946b2351b2c0220b8168]. Annals of the ICRP, 38, 4-6, 242pp.

*Copplestone, D.*, Wood, M. D., Bielby, S., Jones. S.R., Vives, J., Beresford, N.A. 2003. Habitat regulations for Stage 3 assessments: radioactive substances authorisations. [R&D Technical Report P3-101/SP1a|rpemain:England & Wales EA^SP3-101-SP1A-E-E.pdf]. Environment Agency, Bristol.

*USDoE* (United States Department of Energy). 2002. A graded approach for evaluating radiation doses to aquatic and terrestrial biota. Voluntary consensus technical standard. [DOE-STD-1153-2002|http://web.ead.anl.gov/resrad/documents/download_techstandard.cfm]. USDoE, Washington, D.C.

*Ulanovsky A.*, Pröhl, G. 2006. [A practical method for assessment of dose conversion coefficients for aquatic biota|http://wiki.ceh.ac.uk/x/ognbBg]. Radiat. Environ. Biophys., 45, 203-214.

*Howard, B.J.*, Beresford, N.A., Andersson, P., Brown, J.E., Copplestone, D., Beaugelin-Seiller, K., Garnier-Laplace, J., Howe, P., Oughton, D., Whitehouse, P. In Press. Protection of the environment from ionising radiation in a regulatory context - an overview of the PROTECT coordinated action. J. Radiological Prot.
Contact [Brenda Howard|mailto:bjho@ceh.ac.uk] for a copy if required.

*Copplestone, D.*, Bielby, S., Jones, S.R., Patton, D., Daniel, P., Gize, I. 2001. Impact assessment of ionising radiation on wildlife. [R&D publication 128|rpemain:England & Wales EA^SR-DPUB-128-E-E.pdf]. Environment Agency, Bristol.

{color:#0000ff}{*}Further suggested reading:*{color}

*Beresford, N.A.*, Barnett, C.L., Howard, B.J., Scott, W.A., Brown, J.E., Copplestone D. 2008. Derivation of transfer parameters for use within the ERICA Tool and the default concentration ratios for terrestrial biota. J. Environ. Radioact., 99, 1393-1407.
Contact [Nick Beresford|mailto:nab@ceh.ac.uk] for a copy if required.

*Hosseini, A.*, Thørring H., Brown J.E., Saxén R., Ilus, E. 2008. [Transfer of radionuclides in aquatic ecosystems|rpemain:Hosseini et al. Transfer of radionuclides in aquatic ecosystems JER 99]\- Default concentration ratios for aquatic biota in the Erica Tool. J. Environ. Radioact., 99, 1408-1429.

*Beresford, N.A.*, Barnett, C.L., Brown, J., Cheng, J-J. Copplestone, D., Filistovic, V., Hosseini, A., Howard, B.J., Jones, S.R., Kamboj, S., Kryshev, A., Nedveckaite, T., Olyslaegers, G., Saxén, R., Sazykina, T., Vives i Batlle, J., Vives-Lynch, S., Yankovich, T. and Yu, C. 2008. Inter-comparison of models to estimate radionuclide activity concentrations in non-human biota. Radiat. Environ. Biophys., 47, 491-514.
Contact [Nick Beresford|mailto:nab@ceh.ac.uk] for a copy if required.

*Beresford, N.A.*, Broadley, M.R., Howard, B.J., Barnett C.L. &. White P.J. 2004. Estimating radionuclide transfer to wild species - data requirements and availability for terrestrial ecosystems. J. Rad. Prot., 24, A89-A103.
Contact [Nick Beresford|mailto:nab@ceh.ac.uk] for a copy if required.

*Garnier-Laplace, J.,* Della-Vedova, C., Andersson, P., Copplestone, D., Cailes, C., Beresford, N.A., Howard, B. J., Howe, P., Whitehouse, P. In press. [A multi-criteria weight of evidence approach to derive ecological benchmarks for radioactive substances|http://wiki.ceh.ac.uk/x/E4fyBg]. J. Rad. Prot.

*Garnier-Laplace J.*, Della-Vedova, C., Gilbin, R., Copplestone, D., Hingston, J., Ciffroy, P. 2006. [First derivation of predicted-no-effect values for freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems exposed to radioactive substances|http://wiki.ceh.ac.uk/x/x4DqBg]. Environ. Sci. Technol., 40, 6498-6505.

*Garnier-Laplace J.*, Copplestone, D., Gilbin, R., Alonzo, F., Ciffroy, P., Gilek, M., Agüero, A., Björk, M., Oughton, D.H., Jaworska, A., Larsson, C-M., Hingston, J.L. 2008. [Issues and practices in the use of effects data from FREDERICA in the ERICA Integrated Approach|http://wiki.ceh.ac.uk/x/dwnbBg]. J. Environ. Radioact., 99, 1474-1483.

*ICRP* (International Commission on Radiation Protection). 2007. Recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection. [Publication 103|http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=PublicationURL&_tockey=%23TOC%234965%232007%23999629997%23676577%23FLA%23&_cdi=4965&_pubType=J&_auth=y&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=b91d0151ebbf02ae9cf608d77a1c93b9]. Annals of the ICRP, 37, 2-3, 332pp.

*RESRAD-BIOTA* Help [Full text|http://web.ead.anl.gov/resrad/documents/RESRAD-BIOTA_Manual_Version_1.pdf]

*Beresford, N.A.*, Hosseini, A., Brown, J.E.,Cailes, C., Copplestone, D., Barnett, C.L., Beaugelin-Seiller, K. 2008. [PROTECT Deliverable 4|rpemain:Deliverable reports^PROTECTWP2deliverableFinal.pdf]. Evaluation of approaches for protecting the environment from ionising radiation in a regulatory context. [Comments|rpemain:Deliverable reports^PROTECTD4comments-responsessummary_000.pdf] received on Deliverable 4.

*Beresford, N.A.*, Hosseini, A., Brown, J.E., Cailes, C., Beaugelin-Seiller, K., Barnett, C.L.,Copplestone. D. In Press. Assessment of risk to wildlife from ionising radiation: can screening tiers be used with a high level of confidence? J. Radiological Prot.
Contact [Nick Beresford|mailto:nab@ceh.ac.uk] for a copy if required.

*IAEA* (International Atomic Energy Agency). 2001. Generic models for use in assessing the impact of discharges of radioactive substances to the environment. Safety Report Series No.19. [Full text|http://www-pub.iaea.org/MTCD/publications/PDF/Pub1103_scr.pdf]
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{card:label=Course materials}

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h2. *Presentations*

[Radiological protection of the environment - an introduction|Training courses - schedule and details^Howard - introduction.ppsx]

[Transfer - estimating radionuclide activity concentrations in wildlife|Training courses - schedule and details^Beresford - Transfer.ppsx]

[Radiation dosimetry for animals and plants|Training courses - schedule and details^Vives i Batlle - Radiation dosimetry lecture.ppsx]

[Risk analysis and the development of radiological benchmarks|Training courses - schedule and details^Hinton -  Effects Benchmarks.ppsx]

[The ICRP’s current position and intentions towards radiological protection of the environment|Training courses - schedule and details^Copplestone ICRP.pdf]

[What to look for when interpreting an assessment|Training courses - schedule and details^Beresford - What to look for.ppsx]

[Modelling the environmental dispersion of radionuclides|Training courses - schedule and details^Vives i Batlle - dispersion modelling.ppsx]

If you want to try the additional exercises from Practical 3 they can be downloaded from [here|Training courses - schedule and details^questions.pdf]
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{panel:title=Feedback from participants|titleBGColor=#fff|bgColor=#fff|borderWidth=2px}
Seventeen participants attended the April 2010 course. At the end of the course we asked for oral feedback and also distributed a questionnaire. The results of the 15 completed  questionnaire can be found [here|Training courses - schedule and details^course 1 feedback questionnaire.pdf] (we have included all comments the complimentary, the constructive and even the one negative response). The subsequent courses will be amended to take into account the constructive comments received.

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